A dental abscess occurs when the mouth, jaw, face or throat is adversely affected by a tooth infection or cavity. In some instances, these infections can be signs of underlying medical conditions such as diabetes or autoimmune disorders. Therefore, they should never be ignored. However, they can also be caused by lack of timely and proper dental care.
Facial pain can result when a bacterium from a tooth cavity begins to extend into the gum line, the throat, cheek, and the area beneath the tongue or into the facial bones or into one's jaw. The resulting dental abscess can make gum tissue inflame and can cause uncomfortable, unrelenting pressure. As the infection worsens, pus begins to collect at the site and becomes progressively more painful until the abscess ruptures on its own or is surgically drained.
Upon rare occasion, the infection can cause swelling that threatens to block the person's airway. This can cause difficulty breathing and can turn into a serious medical issue. It is not uncommon for the person who experiences a dental abscess to also experience general malaise that includes nausea, chills, vomiting, sweats and fever.
When facial pain is caused by some type of oral infection, a qualified dental professional can diagnose and successfully treat it by performing a root canal, pulling a tooth, or treating the infection with antibiotics. However, it is important not to wait too long before scheduling an appointment with your dentist.